Short and long-term effects of tik

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Short and long-term effects of tik

15 December, 2021Articles, News

Tik is the street name for the drug crystal meth. It is a stimulant that is easily accessible, available cheaply and highly potent. Tik is both a very popular drug for recreational use and highly addictive. Tik is heated up and smoked using a glass pipe, or it may be snorted, ingested or injected intravenously. It is widely used in South Africa, and the consequences on the body and mind can be devastating.

The high from tik is described as an intense, euphoric feeling. The user experiences a rush of energy – they feel more alert, confident and have the motivation to accomplish their goals. Other short-term effects include:

  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Dilated pupils
  • Loss of appetite
  • Disruption of sleep patterns
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Weight loss
  • Erratic behaviour
  • Mood swings
  • Violent behaviour
  • Risk taking

Meredith

The longer someone uses tik the less they are able to experience the pleasurable euphoria they felt in their early days of tik use. As addiction takes hold, the effects of tik use become more and more severe. As with any addiction the user is unable to see the cost of their addiction, and an intervention is often required. In most cases by the time an individual does seek help the effects of tik are clear to see and sometimes irreversible. The long-term effects of tik are:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Aggressive and violent behaviour
  • Constant anxiety
  • Depression
  • In severe cases neurodegeneration
  • Toxic psychosis
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Meth mouth (rapid tooth decay and gum disease)
  • Cardiac disease
  • Kidney damage
  • Uncontrollable twitching
  • Acne, skin picking and pale skin

The negative effects of using tik very soon outweigh the original desired effect of the drug and this can be seen amongst recreational users as well. Crystal meth is potent, cheap and has a long lasting high, these factors attract many new users but the effects on the body and mind are severe. If you suspect someone may be using tik, it is important to seek out professional help as soon as possible.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with an addiction to crystal meth – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

No Obligation Addiction Assessment

Book a No Obligation Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
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Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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The effects of the drug Cat

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The effects of the drug Cat

26 November, 2021Articles, News

Cat is one of the most commonly abused drugs in South Africa. Due to its highly addictive composition and its popularity as a drug used in tandem with downers, at Crossroads Recovery Centres we have a vast amount of experience with facilitating the detox process from this potent substance. This brief guide will familiarise you with what the drug cat is and how addicts are detoxed from it.

Methcathinone (also known as mephedrone) is an addictive psychoactive substance, and abuse of this drug is rapidly increasing in South Africa. A common street name for Methcathinone is ‘CAT’, and its use is mostly associated with the club and rave scenes. There is no medical or pharmaceutical use for this substance and it is mainly produced in illicit ‘Cat labs’, for recreational purposes. According to reports there has been an increase in the use of the drug cat since 2010.

It is often used as a substitute for other stimulants such as cocaine and ecstasy. Cat is not to be confused with the Khat plant, the leaves of which are chewed as a central nervous system stimulant.

The effects of Cat have been described as being very similar to that of cocaine. Unlike cocaine, the ‘high’ effect can last up to six hours, making this a very popular recreational drug. Overdose can occur with any quantity of drug used, and the user is always at risk. Overdose may cause seizures, an increase in body temperature, respiratory failure, coma, and/or death.

Common side-effects include :

  • Intense feelings of euphoria
  • Increased energy
  • Increased confidence
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dilated pupils
  • Feelings of love or empathy towards others
  • Sociability and talkativeness

Adverse effects of Cat include:

  • Nausea
  • Damage to the nasal cavities
  • Nosebleeds
  • Involuntary teeth grinding
  • Hallucinations
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mental confusion
  • Muddled speech
  • Liver, kidney, lung and cardiovascular damage with prolonged use
  • The loss of the ability to make rational decisions
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Memory loss
  • Insomnia
  • Amphetamine psychosis
  • Paranoid delusions
  • Suspicion
  • Violent behaviour
  • Symptoms similar to those of Parkinson’s disease from injecting the drug
  • Greater risk of stroke, coma or death resulting from a blood pressure increase and an irregular cardiac rate

If you or a loved one needs assistance an addiction to Cat – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

No Obligation Addiction Assessment

Book a No Obligation Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Rehabilitation centres – what do they do ?

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Rehabilitation centres – what do they do ?

19 November, 2021Articles, News

There are a number of rehabilitation centres in Johannesburg, each with their own model of how to treat addiction. At Crossroads Recovery Centres, we take a number of approaches to treatment, including group therapy, individual counselling, peer support programmes and goal-setting groups. However, what sets Crossroads Recovery Centre apart as one of the best rehabilitation centres in Johannesburg, is the application of the 12 steps as the foundation of recovery.

During the treatment process, clients will be introduced to the 12-step programme that coincides with their particular addiction. These 12-step fellowships host a number of meetings throughout the city, some of which include meetings for drug addicts, meetings for alcoholics, meetings for co-dependents and meetings for sex and love addicts. The 12 steps is a tried and tested method of recovery that subscribes to the disease model of addiction. An introduction to the 12 steps is one of the critical tools needed to live a life free from addiction. Why? Because it helps the addict or alcoholic to build an invaluable support network before they leave treatment. This support network for many, is indispensable.

Group therapy takes many different forms, For example, at Crossroads Recovery Centres, therapists host a number of different groups that focus on different issues. Process groups for example, are facilitated by an addictions counsellor. They are spaces within which addicts can become vulnerable and share their story with peers who relate completely to what they are going through. There are also spiritual groups, where counsellors address a number of issues related to spirituality. It is important to note that as one of the leading rehabilitation centres in Johannesburg, Crossroads Recovery Centre is not affiliated with any one religious or spiritual group. Like 12-step fellowships, which are spaces that are open to anyone from any religious or non-religious group, Crossroads Recovery Centres are not prescriptive about what clients should believe. Instead, the centre offers guidance and encouragement, helping addicts to connect with themselves, the world around them and their beliefs- drawing strength from those beliefs in learning how to live free from the clutches of addiction.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with addiction – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

Start a new life free from drugs, alcohol and process addictions.

No Obligation Addiction Assessment

Book a No Obligation Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Ritalin abuse in South Africa

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Home / Posts tagged "#substance abuse"

Ritalin abuse in South Africa

03 November, 2021Articles, News

Ritalin is a medication used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) defines ADHD as a chronic condition of a combination of problems including the difficulty to sustain attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour. The main medications used in South Africa to treat ADHD are Ritalin and Concerta. They have the same chemical structures (methylphenidate hydrochloride) and are similar in chemical makeup to stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. Ritalin can be just as addictive. Street names for Ritalin include diet coke, kiddie cocaine, kiddie coke, poor man’s cocaine, R-ball, rids, skittles, Smarties and vitamin R .

Ritalin is primarily used as a stimulant medication to increase attention span and decrease hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour. The medication seems to have a positive impact on the treatment of ADD (attention deficit disorder) and ADHD but at the same time has opened up a panacea for potential abuse and there is a lot of controversy around the use of medication to treat the diagnosis of ADD and ADHD. In fact, there is huge controversy about the very existence of the above mentioned disorders, with the scientific experts suggesting a clear neurological basis for the disorders and some other more holistic proponents saying they are not diseases in the chemical sense at all but rather behaviourally based maladaptions. The jury is still out.

The dosage prescribed is based on the severity of the condition and the response to treatment. The drug slowly raises the users dopamine levels in the brain, achieving a therapeutic effect for those with proper ADHD (and similar) diagnoses. However, if individuals who do not have ADHD take these medications, the result will be hyperactivity and overstimulation. Though it helps many people, this medication can be addictive. The risk may be higher if you have a related substance use disorder (such as overuse of or an addiction to alcohol). If you suddenly stop using this medication, you may have withdrawal symptoms such as :

  • visual hallucinations,
  • suicidal thoughts
  • psychotic behaviour
  • aggression or violent behaviour
  • depression or other mood changes
  • paranoia
  • fatigue

Withdrawal symptoms are more likely if you have used methylphenidate for a long time or in high doses.

Signs of Ritalin addiction include:

  • Needing higher doses to feel the drug’s effects (tolerance)
  • Experiencing strong urges to use Ritalin
  • Finding new ways to obtain the drug—legally or illegally—in order to abuse it
  • Using Ritalin even if it’s causing issues with loved ones or responsibilities.

Those struggling with an addiction to Ritalin are advised not to quit taking the drug without medical supervision. At Crossroads we consult with our specialist medical provider as to the best method for detoxification for the individual. Some people use the drug recreationally—without a prescription—and those who take more than their prescribed dosage are at risk for developing an addiction to Ritalin. It is common for adolescents who are prescribed these types of medications to trade their drugs to other kids who are not in need of them and hence are using these substances illegally. This leads to very severe consequences in terms behaviour as adolescents and eventual addiction to the medication. When abused by older teens or adults – especially if it’s crushed or snorted or injected – the drug is more like other forms of amphetamine, including methamphetamine, that have damaging and addictive psychological and physical effects.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with Ritalin abuse in South Africa – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

No Obligation Addiction Assessment

Book a No Obligation Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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