Marijuana & Alcohol- Legal but Linked to Violence

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Marijuana & Alcohol- Legal but Linked to Violence

28 July, 2021Articles, News

As legalisation spreads, more Americans and South Africans are becoming heavy users of marijuana, despite its links to violence and mental illness. The best data concerning the scope and effects of marijuana & alcohol use comes from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH).

The survey asks about problems users believe they have encountered because of their use. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) consolidates the answers to estimate how many would meet the clinical criteria for dependence (2.8 million) or abuse (an additional 1.4 million) set down by the Diagnostical and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (commonly referred to as the DSM-V). SAMHSA makes these calculations for all substances in an effort to estimate the nationwide need for treatment for each substance.

137 million people self-reported current alcohol use,of which 17.3 million described enough problems to meet the criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence, equivalent to one instance of alcohol abuse or dependence per 7.9 current users, or 13% of current users — significantly lower than the corresponding ratio for marijuana.

In 2012 the Treatment Episode Data Set recorded 681,374 treatment admissions for which the primary substance of abuse was alcohol and 305,560 for which it was marijuana or hashish. That works out to 15 admissions for every 1,000 current marijuana users versus only 5 for every 1,000 alcohol users.

What is clear is that, in individual cases, marijuana can cause psychosis, and psychosis is a high risk factor for violence. What’s more, much of that violence occurs when psychotic people are using drugs or alcohol. The drug they are most likely to use is marijuana. The most obvious way that it fuels violence in psychotic people- is through its ability to cause paranoia. In people with psychiatric disorders, paranoia can fuel violence.

A 2012 paper in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence, examining a federal survey of more than 9,000 adolescents, found that marijuana use was associated with a doubling of domestic violence in the U.S.A.. A 2017 paper in the journal Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, examining drivers of violence among 6,000 British and Chinese men, found that drug use was linked to a 5-fold increase in violence, and the drug used was nearly always cannabis.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with substance abuse or alcoholism – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it is only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment

www.crossroadsrecovery.co.za

074 89 51043 JHB

012 450 5033 PTA

RESOURCES

https://www.wsj.com/articles/marijuana-is-more-dangerous-than-you-think-11546527075

https://www.nationalaffairs.com/publications/detail/the-real-dangers-of-marijuana

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Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Outpatient Programme

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Home / Posts tagged "#alcoholism"

Outpatient Programme

23 July, 2021Articles, News

Crossroads Recovery Centre, Johannesburg is excited to announce that we now have an outpatient programme. Deciding on whether to enter an inpatient rehab facility or to rather seek outpatient care is an important step towards recovering from an addiction. Not everyone is able to commit to, nor afford inpatient (primary care) treatment. While equally focused on rehabilitation, each type has unique attributes and benefits to offer.

Primary care offers intensive, full-time residential treatment where the client commits to living with us for the duration of their treatment. Our outpatient programme is a part-time initiative, allowing the recovering addict to keep going to work or college during the day. This is an important advantage as it allows the person to maintain the ability to support their family whilst also focusing on recovering from their addiction. The hands-on medical care and extensive therapy available to our inpatients increases the cost of treatment. However, the price difference should not discourage anyone from choosing the best possible treatment route for themselves. Our outpatient programme can be very beneficial for addicts who are serious about their recovery.

The outpatient initiative begins with an intake assessment and if needed, a visit to our physician. Mild detox cases may be handled through the programme. It runs for 28 days, Mondays to Fridays, from 17:00 until 19:00 with a short break in between. Groups and lectures are held at the Valley Centre, Jan Smuts Avenue in Craighall Park, Johannesburg. Clients are expected to attend every evening and to be punctual for all classes. The cost of the programme is R12 000.00. Lectures and groups include topics such as:

  • the disease of addiction,
  • 12-step recovery,
  • the neurobiology of addiction,
  • boundaries,
  • childhood trauma,
  • abuse,
  • loss,
  • coping skills,
  • living sober and developing new support systems whilst sober
  • co-dependency

One-on-one therapy sessions are held fortnightly via Zoom. Additional individual sessions may be scheduled.

Clients are expected to commit to certain principles whilst they attend the programme:

Should they relapse during the 28 day period, clients may be suspended from the programme for a minimum of 72 hours.

Similar to our inpatient programme, the outpatient programme also establishes an individual treatment plan for each new client which includes measurable milestones to indicate their progress. Some recovering addicts also turn to outpatient treatment after completing our inpatient programme as part of their continued recovery. This affords them access to their support systems- being able to live at home and be amongst their loved ones while still undergoing treatment. Having a reliable support system available to you is very important when undergoing rehabilitation from any form of addiction. Although cheaper and shorter, the outpatient programme has the ability to achieve similar positive outcomes to any inpatient programme.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with addiction – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex,  gambling,  substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

www.crossroadsrecovery.co.za

074 895 1043 JHB

Resources :

https://www.addictioncenter.com/treatment/inpatient-outpatient-rehab/

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Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
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Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Rehab in South Africa: A Look at How the Process Works

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Home / Posts tagged "#alcoholism"

Rehab in South Africa: A Look at How the Process Works

20 July, 2021Articles, News

For many of us, the only reference we have on how the process of rehabilitation works, comes from television. It is a process that has a reputation for being difficult and deeply challenging. Some may fear entering the process because of a prevailing perception that it requires significant change, which is a daunting prospect for anyone. That’s why we deem it so important to demystify the process, so that those who are struggling with addiction can reach a place of hope and realise that treatment is simply the beginning of a journey that takes place one day at a time. Change comes gradually, and although the process is not easy, getting clean is the beginning of a new, more fulfilling life. In this article, we break down the process of rehab in South Africa into four main components.

Detox

The first step in the process of rehab in South Africa, is to detox. The process of detoxing will vary from person-to-person because different substances have different effects on the body and mind. Each person’s detox process will be guided by a medical practitioner, who will be able to administer any form of treatment that may be required. Those who are entering rehab for a process addiction like porn addiction, may not need to go through the detox process but may enter the next phase of treatment immediately. Every patient’s needs are assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Group Therapy

Learning to talk about feelings in an open and honest forum is an important step in the process of rehab in South Africa. Group therapy has proven to be an indispensable tool for personal development. Facilitators or counsellors will guide each group by suggesting a topic or by stimulating discussion and sharing. Some patients engage immediately with the process of group therapy, while for some, trusting others may take time. The most important thing to remember is that group therapy meets individuals where they are, allowing everyone to participate at their own pace.

One-on-One Therapy

Each patient will be paired with a counsellor upon entering the treatment process. Individual counselling sessions tend to go deeper than group therapy sessions in that counsellors may wish to help the individual to unearth some of the deep-seated issues that may be unresolved. Over time, each individual, forms a valuable connection and bond with their counsellor. Apart from being qualified, specialised addiction counsellors – all our counsellors are in recovery from addiction themselves and thus have personal knowledge of where addiction is capable of taking a person. This facilitates the process of trust between client and counsellor.

12-Step Fellowships

What happens after rehab is just as important as what happens during treatment. For this reason, at Crossroads Recovery Centres, we introduce recovering addicts to 12-step fellowships like Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous in the hopes that after treatment, clients will decide to immerse themselves fully in the recovery journey. These fellowships provide an indispensable support network that helps to guide the individual towards finding a new way to live without the use of addictive substances and behaviour.

These four stages are some of the bastions of the rehab process, but the list is in no way exhaustive. There are other components that may form part of treatment, including life skills workshops, yoga, meditation, craft classes and similar forms of therapy.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with substance abuse or alcoholism – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment

Free Addiction Assessment

Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Alcohol Rehab: When do you know it is time?

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Home / Posts tagged "#alcoholism"

Alcohol Rehab: When do you know it is time?

14 July, 2021Articles, News

It is common to have questions or concerns when considering whether you or someone you love may have a drinking problem. When do you have to admit to yourself that you or someone you know may need help and it is time to go to an alcohol rehab ? Gaining a better understanding of both the physical and psychological signs of alcoholism, may help address many of your concerns. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a medical condition characterized by the inability to stop or control alcohol use despite the negative consequences. AUD is a chronic brain disorder that can progress over time if left untreated.
It can be difficult to recognise when casual drinking has crossed the line into abuse or addiction. It can be even harder to decide that it is time to do something about it. If you think you or someone you love may have an AUD, this guide will help you learn some signs to identify a possible AUD and help you to remain informed about what types of treatment are available for people with an AUD.

Signs of Alcoholism & Signs for the need of Alcohol Rehab Treatment:
Here are some characteristic signs and symptoms to be aware of when considering whether alcohol use may be problematic:

  1. You have health problems caused by alcohol abuse
    Alcohol abuse can significantly impact a person’s physical health or worsen symptoms of mental health conditions. There are several conditions that can be directly caused by chronic heavy drinking, including liver damage, heart damage, anaemia, various types of cancers, and brain and nervous system problems.
    Alcohol abuse can also cause mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and dementia. If you are experiencing health problems as a direct result of alcohol abuse, it may be time to consider treatment.
  2. You experience alcohol withdrawal symptoms – when not drinking
    Experiencing symptoms of withdrawal, when not drinking, is a significant sign that you may be physically dependent on alcohol. Common withdrawal symptoms include nausea, shaky hands, vomiting, headache, insomnia, and sweating.
    People who are severely addicted to alcohol may experience more dangerous symptoms, including delirium tremens (DTs). Symptoms DTs include fever, confusion, high blood pressure, and heavy sweating. If you believe you are experiencing DTs, it’s important to seek medical help immediately, as this condition can be fatal.
  3. You have injured yourself or others while intoxicated
    Alcohol can lower inhibitions and make people more likely to participate in dangerous activities like drunk driving. This is especially true for individuals who drink heavily or who cannot control their alcohol intake. The more alcohol a person consumes, the more likely he or she is to get injured or injure others.
    Multiple DUIs, injuries, or participating in other potentially dangerous situations may be a sign that you could benefit from alcohol rehab.
  4. Your work or school performance has suffered as a result of your drinking
    People who can control their drinking typically don’t experience issues with work, school, or other responsibilities as a result of alcohol consumption. However, individuals who have trouble controlling their drinking or who regularly abuse alcohol often find themselves calling in sick to work, missing school, or performing poorly. A person may even lose his or her job or get kicked out of school as a result of drinking.
  5. You regularly lie about or hide your alcohol consumption
    Hiding or lying about one’s alcohol consumption is often a key indicator that the individual is struggling with alcohol abuse. A person may drink in private or consume alcohol before meeting up with friends. Individuals with an alcohol use disorder may also lie about how much alcohol they drink or even avoid social situations where their drinking will be noticeable.
    If you find yourself lying about how much alcohol you drink or hiding your alcohol consumption, this may be an indication that you are struggling with an addiction to alcohol.
  6. You regularly blackout from drinking
    A blackout occurs as a result of drinking more alcohol than the body can handle. When a person blacks out, he or she loses the ability to form short-term memories and is unable to recall periods of time. Blacking out can be incredibly dangerous and put individuals at a heightened risk for injury. Experiencing blackouts is often a sign that a person is addicted to alcohol.
  7. You experience negative consequences as a result of your alcohol abuse
    Alcohol abuse and addiction can increase a person’s risk of experiencing a variety of negative consequences. For example, a person may have problems with friends or family or even run into issues with the legal system as a result of his or her actions while intoxicated. The more negative consequences someone experiences as a result of alcohol abuse, the more likely he or she is to benefit from alcohol rehab.
  8. You have tried to limit or quit drinking to no avail
    Many people who struggle with an alcohol use disorder have tried to limit or quit drinking on their own but are unable to do so. While this can be frustrating, it isn’t a sign of failure. Alcohol addiction is a disease and often requires professional help to manage and overcome. If you have tried and failed to quit drinking, it may be time to consider a formal alcohol rehab programme.

Getting Help For Alcohol Addiction:
If you find yourself relating to a few or many of the signs discussed above, you may benefit from an alcohol addiction rehab programme. Seeking help for an alcohol use disorder can be scary, but it’s important to know that you’re not alone
Finding the right programme for you or your loved one begins by understanding what options are available. If you need AUD treatment, there are several different types of alcohol rehab programmes at varying levels of intensity across South Africa that can help .The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) describes the following elements and settings for alcohol rehabilitation:

Detoxification: Many alcohol rehabs start with detoxification – a medically managed withdrawal from alcohol. This stage allows the body to clear itself of any alcohol. If you are admitted for inpatient detox, you will generally receive 24-hour care, staff monitoring and management of any symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal that may present during this period.
Inpatient Primary Residential Treatment: After successful withdrawal management, you may continue on with additional rehabilitation efforts. These highly intensive 24-hour-a-day programmes offer an array of services. Treatments provided address the social and behavioural problems associated with addiction to help make the lasting changes necessary for maintaining recovery. Although the treatment may only last weeks, it is full of intensive therapeutic interventions and may sometimes be based on a modified 12-step approach. During your stay, you will engage in therapy and may participate in peer support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous.
Outpatient Treatment: Outpatient treatment is a form of alcohol rehab that offers low-intensity daily programming opportunities for those who are either living at home, in a sober living, or in another conducive environment. Outpatient treatment is often, but not always, the least costly of these levels of care and provides flexibility to those who are working, going to school, or pursuing other educational or professional goals while receiving treatment for their AUD.

If you or a loved one needs assistance with alcoholism – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

Sources

  1. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2020). Understanding alcohol use disorder.
  2. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5 (5th ed.). (2013). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
  3. National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). Rethinking drinking alcohol & your health: What are the risks.
  4. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (third edition).
  5. Rapp, R. C., Xu, J., Carr, C. A., Lane, D. T., Wang, J., & Carlson, R. (2006). Treatment barriers identified by substance abusers assessed at a centralized intake unit. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 30(3), 227-35.
  6. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2017). Strategic plan 2017-2021 goal 4: Develop and improve treatment for alcohol misuse, alcohol use disorder, co-occurring conditions, and alcohol-related consequences.

Free Addiction Assessment

Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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