Nyaope- South Africa’s hidden pandemic.

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Nyaope- South Africa’s hidden pandemic.

11 August, 2021Articles, News

Nyaope continues to embed itself in our cities and low-income communities. There are many misconceptions regarding it- what is it? Where did it come from? How is it used? What are the effects? As a result, there are many myths about the drug and it is difficult to find accurate information, as few formal studies have been done on it.

Nyaope has been around for a long time, and has gone by many names depending on where you are in the country -sugars, whoonga, pinch or nyaope are most commonly used but basically, they all refer to a low-grade heroin, cut with other ingredients to bulk up the heroin- a process that would be similar to watering down alcohol. Common additives are- baking soda, sucrose, baby powder, laundry detergent and sometimes rat poison (strychnine). In this way, dealers are able to stretch the heroin, making it very cheap, which is why it has become such a problem in the low-income communities.

Nyaope can be smoked with marijuana or it can be freebased on its own. It can also be diluted and used intravenously. Most users start off smoking it and generally graduate to intravenous usage. This is because addicts build up a tolerance to the drug and in order to get the same effect they experienced in the beginning, they begin to inject rather than smoke nyaope. Injecting nyaope results in a more intense ‘high’, but tolerance continues to build and the potential for overdose becomes a reality.

Nyaope is physically addictive and withdrawal can be painful and physically uncomfortable. Some of the symptoms include;

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Severe muscle aches
  • Diarrhoea
  • Stomach cramps and pain
  • Body cramps
  • Insomnia
  • Cold sweats
  • Fever
  • Runny nose

The fear of withdrawal symptoms causes an intense craving for heroin, resulting in the user doing whatever it takes to avoid the side-effects. When detoxing from nyaope it is important to note that a medical assistance is recommended. Stopping “cold turkey” could result is serious negative consequences to your physical health.

Communities are being held hostage by the nyaope epidemic. The youth gripped by an addiction to nyaope, resort to crime and prostitution ensuring they are able to get their next high. What started for many young adults as experimentation and a method of escaping their socio-economic circumstances, has become a full-blown addiction. A generation of youth, fearful of getting help due to their apprehension surrounding withdrawal symptoms.

If you or a loved one need assistance with an addiction to nyaope – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it is a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex,  gambling,  substances,  alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

www.crossroadsrecovery.co.za

074 89 51043 JHB

012 450 5033 PTA

Free Addiction Assessment

Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
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Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Inpatient Rehabilitation – what are the benefits ?

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Home / Posts tagged "addiction" (Page 3)

Inpatient Rehabilitation – what are the benefits ?

06 August, 2021Articles, News

There are many reasons why one would choose to stop addictive behaviours and seek help from a professional, but that begs the question, what type of help is appropriate for me or my loved one, what are the advantages of each and what may I expect? In this article we will go over the benefits of choosing formal, inpatient rehabilitation.

One of the benefits is of choosing to enter a rehabilitation centre is payment and cost. When looking at the financials, it can seem like a costly endeavour but what many people fail to realise is that even hospital plans assign specific benefits for inpatient detox and rehabilitation from addiction. These benefits are available even if there are none allocated for individual counselling or psychological services. This makes rehabilitation more accessible than people may think it is.

Another benefit of inpatient rehabilitation is that is it medically supervised. This is not possible when attempting to detox at home or as an outpatient. A client’s full using history is considered and medication is prescribed to mitigate any possible withdrawal symptoms and negative health consequences as a result of withdrawal. Medication is prescribed by a medical doctor, and administration and compliance to this protocol is supervised by a registered nurse. Mismanagement of medication ceases to be a concern. Supervision ensures that if there are any negative health consequences they are dealt with swiftly and appropriately.

Upon admission to a rehabilitation centre, a client is put in a safe environment, protected from the temptations, triggers and dangers of the outside world . The absence of these temptations means clients experience less frequent cravings, and are prevented from acting out on their cravings when they occur. This is highly beneficial as it reduces the stress in early recovery, giving the client a real opportunity to focus on the work that needs to be done.

Once ensconced in a rehabilitation centre, the client is isolated from the outside world. Though this is a drawback for some, it is one of the key benefits of rehabilitation as it allows the client to focus intensely on the task at hand – which is recovery from addiction. This singleness of purpose, allows for more in-depth recovery work to be done in the time allocated, as opposed to spreading oneself thin between work, family and social commitments, studies or anything else that may prove distracting. 28 days of inpatient rehabilitation includes a lot more work towards long-term recovery than the equivalent time in an outpatient or informal recovery environment.

What many people realise once they start the recovery process is that there is a lot more that needs attention, and that the use of drugs and alcohol are merely symptomatic of a larger problem. Beyond that, being in a treatment environment allows clients to work on a multitude of issues extending all the way back to childhood.

Ceasing to use drugs or alcohol is not the end of a recovery process, but the start of one. Learning to live a life without drugs is just as important as giving up those drugs in the first place.

If you or a loved one need assistance with addiction – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it is a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex,  gambling,  substances,  alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

Free Addiction Assessment

Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Tik – When to get help.

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Home / Posts tagged "addiction" (Page 3)

Tik – When to get help.

04 August, 2021Articles, News

Tik is the South African street name given to crystal methamphetamine. It is a highly addictive and dangerous stimulant that acts on the central nervous system, increasing alertness, attention and energy. Tik users become addicted or dependant soon after experimenting with it as the effect is an intense “rush” and feeling of self-confidence and euphoria. This euphoria can last for hours and when it begins to wear off, it leaves the user feeling irritable, depressed which then drives the addict to use again in order to avoid these uncomfortable feelings.

Tik is an odourless substance found either in crystals or a finer powder form. It is usually white or brownish in colour and sold in small bags or straws. Tik can either be snorted, smoked or injected. Smoking is the most common method of use. It has gained enormous popularity as it cheap and easily available on the streets.

Tik is a potent stimulant which takes effect immediately, whether injected, smoked or snorted. The effects produced include:

  • Increased alertness
  • Intense feeling of happiness or euphoria
  • Increased sense of activity or energy
  • Increased feelings of self-confidence or self-esteem
  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased sex drive
  • Increased sense of contentment or satisfaction.

More noticeable and destructive side-effects as a result of excessive and long-term use include:

  • Decreased appetite resulting in significant weight loss
  • Mood swings, irritability and depression
  • Difficulty sleeping (insomnia) and loss of energy
  • Loss of interest in hobbies or social interactions (isolation)
  • Stomach and muscle cramps
  • Damage to nervous system resulting in tremors in hands, arms head and legs
  • Excessive itching of the skin
  • “Meth Mouth” – deteroration and decay of gum and teeth

As a result of the intense and sudden effects produced, dependence is achieved rather quickly. The severity of of the physical withdrawal symptoms and psychological cravings lasts long after the tik user has stopped using, even months later the user could still have cravings for tik. This leaves the user trapped in a cycle of using, coming down and seeking tik again. This compulsive need to use despite the consequences is an indication that addiction may be present

Signs of tik abuse or addiction may include the following:

  • Personal health deteriorating
  • Work or studying performance suffering
  • Loss of appetite and erratic eating patterns avoiding food and then binge eating
  • Decrease in social interactions and or isolation
  • Erratic sleep patterns and sleep deprivation
  • Drastic mood swings or changes
  • Financial instability or constant lack of finances

Usually when a tik addict has reached this stage, and the finding and using of tik has become the primary activity, there is a need for treatment. Detox is usually required, followed by treatment for the disease of addiction, which assists and aids the addict in gaining the tools to live a sober and clean life free from the addiction to tik.

If you or a loved one need assistance with an addiction to tik – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it is a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex,  gambling,  substances,  alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

www.crossroadsrecovery.co.za

074 89 51043 JHB

012 450 5033 PTA

Resources:

www.substanceabusepolicy.com

www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov

www.health-e.org.za

Free Addiction Assessment

Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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Cross Addiction in Recovery

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Home / Posts tagged "addiction" (Page 3)

Cross Addiction in Recovery

30 July, 2021Articles, News

Cross addiction is when two addictions (behavioural or substances) occur in one individual, or when a person who is in recovery from one addiction, acts out with a different substance or behaviour. The theory of cross addiction though, is not yet scientifically proven. The evidence is more anecdotal, or confined to small studies. The movie, Thanks for Sharing, gives an indication of how addicts in recovery, struggle with more than one addictive substance or behaviour.

Addiction based on behaviour rather than a specific substance may manifest in a variety of forms. The five most common forms of addiction are drugs, alcohol, sex, food and gambling, although new recognised forms of addictions include social media, co-dependency and compulsive behavior such as exercise or spending. There are many different 12-step meetings and support groups for different types of addiction and these may be valuable assets to any persons recovery.

Misconceptions around different types of Addiction

There are a great many misconceptions around addiction. For example, when someone comes into treatment, there may be denial about the fact that they may be able to still do certain things or substances because they are only in treatment for one substance. Here are some examples: ‘I only drink, I can still take prescription medication.’ ‘My problem is only drugs, and I can still drink, right?’ ‘I’m only an alcoholic, I’m not nearly as bad as other people.’ These are common sayings amongst inpatients. Anything that is mind or mood altering may fill a void. It is important for someone undergoing treatment to work on the root cause of their behavior before they can fix the actual addiction.

How to manage Cross Addiction?

12-Step treatment can be a great way to manage and/or prevent cross-addiction from occurring. Appropriate therapy can allow individuals to work on themselves, as well as their behaviour, which could allow them to find a balance within themselves and their lives.

Addressing the addiction through integrated treatment is usually the most effective way of treating cross addiction. It is also important to reduce triggers such as dangerous people, places and things and work on the behaviour through CBT therapy. This allows for thought patterns and emotions that contribute substantially towards substance abuse and destructive behaviour, to be managed and slowly changed over time .

If you or a loved one needs assistance with addiction – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best possible care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it is only a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment

www.crossroadsrecovery.co.za

074 89 51043 JHB

012 450 5033 PTA

-Dominique Le Claire Rossouw

Free Addiction Assessment

Book a FREE Confidential Assessment at your nearest Treatment Centre Today.

Johannesburg Admissions: +27 74 895 1043
Pretoria Admissions: +27 82 653 3311
Close

Stories of Recovery

  • The encouragement, love and support from the team at Crossroads allowed me to eventually see that I was worth something - that my life could be turned around and that I could accomplish the things that had long been a forgotten dream.
    Oliver VG
    Read more
  • On the last day of my stint at Crossroads I could only express gratitude towards all who works there. A wise councillor once commented on my question when one is ready for rehab by explaining that when one is ready for rehab, rehab is ready for you.
    Johan B
    Read more
  • I was lost and my soul was broken until I ended up at Crossroads and was introduced to the Twelve Steps. With the help of their excellent staff and amazing support I have recently been clean for 18 months, I could not have done it without them!
    Carla S
    Read more
  • "Just for today I am more than three years in recovery. I have Cross Roads to thank for this wonderful gift. Cross Roads helped me to set a firm foundation in my recovery on which I can continue to build."
    Angelique J
    Read more
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