Substance Induced Psychosis

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Substance Induced Psychosis

02 April, 2021Articles, News

Psychosis is generally a symptom associated with schizophrenia. During a psychotic episode an individual experiences a disconnect from reality, the individual experiences hallucinations and/or delusions and are unable to distinguish between the hallucinations/delusions and reality. During these episodes there is a high risk of the individuals lashing out, hurting themselves or hurting others.

Substance-Induced Psychosis (SIP) or Toxic Psychosis is a result of Substance abuse/use. These can be legal or illegal substances. An individual has been abusing a certain substance, had a severe reaction to mixing substances or is withdrawing from a drug. These episodes are treatable and in most cases they are reversible. The duration of a Toxic Psychosis is anywhere between a few hours to a month.

Common drugs related to Toxic Psychosis:

Alcohol – occurs through chronic alcoholism or withdrawal
Hallucinogens – LSD, psychotropic mushrooms

Symptoms of Toxic Psychosis:

There is an inability to discern reality from delusion; the delusions associated with SIP are usually false ideas based on fear and suspicion, for example, a person or organisation plotting to cause harm to the user.

Other manifestations include hallucinations – visual and haptic, disorientation, disorganised thought processes, anxiety, difficulty concentrating and difficulty communicating.

Managing Substance-Induced Psychosis:

In most cases of Toxic Psychosis, the symptoms do lift over time, but the condition is a serious one and often immediate medical attention is required. There have been cases where individuals have attempted to kill themselves while in a state of psychosis.

An effective treatment plan is important when dealing with Toxic Psychosis. The first obvious step is for the individual to stop taking the substance which caused the condition. Once the detox is complete the initial symptoms will lift. It is imperative that detox and a full in-patient treatment be completed as relapse and a return to psychosis is very possible without the help of an in-patient treatment program. In-patient treatment involves therapy, group sessions and an introduction to support groups. All of this ensures an individual is able to learn the necessary skills to enjoy a drug-free life.

If you or a loved one is possibly in a state of toxic psychosis – know that help is readily available. The road to recovery is not always an easy one but getting yourself or your loved one the best care from the team at Crossroads Recovery Centre, provides you with a map to sober, healthy living. No matter how bad things seem, there is hope and it’s just a phone call away. If you or anyone close to you needs help with an addiction to sex, gambling, substances, alcohol or food, please contact us for a free assessment.

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